Chile Facts


  • Chile is located to the south-west of South America, between 17 ° 30 'and 90 ° south latitude.
  • Its continental length reaches 4,270 Kms., excluding the Chilean Antarctic. The narrowest part of its territory reaches 90 Km. While the maximum width reaches 445 Km.
  • Chile is called a "tri-continental" country: Chile Continental, being part of the continent America. Chile Insular it has sovereignty in Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, Juan Fernández Archipelago, San Ambrosio islands, San Félix, and Salas y Gómez Island. Southern Chile, respecting the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty.
  • Chile has an area of 756,626 Km2, excluding the Antarctic Territory.
  • Chile limits the North with Peru, the East with Bolivia and Argentina, the west by the Pacific Ocean, al Sur con el Polo Sur.
  • Chile, due to the long and narrow its territory, presents a wide variety of climates influenced by the presence of the Cordillera de Los Andes and the Pacific Ocean. The high mountains prevent the passage of winds coming from the Argentine pampas, the Humboldt Current causes low temperatures throughout the coast while the Niño generates a warming waters and thereby causes heavy rains. If traveling from North to South, a reference guide climate is:
  • North: The climate is desert and is characterized by the scarcity of rains. The average temperature is 20 ° C. When got deep into the Altiplano, observe high thermal variation due to the geographical altitude.

  • Easter Island: It has a pleasant tropical climate with little temperature variation. Its average temperature reaches 21 ° C while the average rainfall reaches 92 mm.

  • Center: Has a Mediterranean climate where the four seasons are strongly marked. In summer the maximum temperature can reach 36 ° C while in winter is averaged 8 ° C. The average rainfall reaches 356 mm.

  • South: Showing low temperatures averaging 12 ° C while the average rainfall reaches 3.000 mm.

  • Patagonia: The climate is characteristic of cold steppe. In summer the average temperature reaches 11 ° C and in winter averages just 2.5 ° C.

  • Antarctica: Taking as reference the location of the Chilean Antarctic Base, The average temperature ranges between 0 ° C and -12 ° C. Rainfall is as snow.
  • According to the last census taken in the year 2012, Chile's population reaches 16.634.603 inhabitants being its population density 22 inhabitants / km2.
  • The official language is Spanish in Chile. Additionally native languages ​​spoken Mapudungun, Quechua and Rapa Nui.
  • The official currency is the Chilean peso ($/CLP). There are notes in circulation of the following nominations: $1.000, $2.000, $5.000, $10.000 and $20.000. Coins are: $1, $5, $10, $50, $100 and $500. The money exchange its made trough Banks and Money Exchange Houses.
  • Santiago is the capital city, Founded in 1.541 by Pedro de Valdivia. Today it is a modern city, considered the second safest city in South America, as well as the second best city to do business in Latin America.
  • The summit of Ojos del Salado volcano, 6,891 m, is the highest point of Chile.
  • The General Carrera Lake, located in the Region of Aysen, It is the largest lake in Chile.